Annotated Rogerian Argument Outline

Annotated Rogerian Argument Outline


Reflect on the goal of a Classical Argument: to take a position on one side of an issue and try to persuade the audience by refuting the opposing position. Now, consider that a Rogerian Argument objectively explores both sides of the same issue, identifying common ground and proposing a compromise based on that common ground.


This is an annotated outline, meaning it explains the purpose of each paragraph. Read through this document, then use your understanding of the paragraph goals to construct your own outline. A skeleton outline is included at the end of the document for you to copy/paste and build your own outline. Be sure to include all of these paragraphs in the correct order.

Before you begin

Consider the rhetorical situation:

Your Audience: Two groups who share a common problem but disagree about how to solve it.

Your Purpose: To explain each perspective to the other side so that their common goal or value becomes clear, then to propose a compromise that brings each side together to move towards achieving the goal.

Your Role: Although you may prefer one approach over the other, your role is to be an objective mediator who reduces the conflict by proposing a compromise that benefits both sides. Word choice and tone must be free of bias.


Parts of a Rogerian Argument
• Introduction:

Provide some history and context for the issue and provide an overview of the controversy or disagreement surrounding it. Appeal to pathos to make a connection with the audience so that they, too, feel a need to reach a compromise. Then, state a thesis that is a Claim of Fact, noting the disagreement and suggesting a way forward through compromise.

• Body Paragraphs:

1. Overview of Side A. Keep the tone objective and support this paragraph by using research that accurately illustrates the views of that side. (Think of this as Side A’s “main claim.”)

2. Validation of Side A. Identify and explain the most convincing points of Side A’s argument. Help the reader see the link between these points and Side A’s ultimate goal or value. (Think of this as Side A’s “sub-claims.”)

3. Overview of Side B. Keep the tone objective and support this paragraph by using research that accurately illustrates the views of that side. (Think of this as Side B’s “main claim.”)

4. Preferability of Side B. Focus on the parts of Side B’s viewpoint that are most convincing and use logos and ethos evidence to demonstrate their strength. (Think of this as Side B’s sub-claims).

5. Use one or more paragraphs to do the following:

a. concede that Side B’s perspective is not perfect (provide details), but

b. show that Side B’s approach will best meet the goals and/or values of both sides (explain how and support with evidence).

6. Restate the issue to remind the audience that both sides share a common problem. Point out that both sides have a common goal and shared values, then propose a compromise that will reduce the conflict and move both parties towards the common goal. The compromise must be something new that neither side has considered and it must be achievable. Do not propose something that has already been tried and failed. Do not ask either side to simply change their minds about their position.

· Conclusion:

Review the strongest points of both sides and identify overlap in views and shared goals. Remind them that the proposed compromise will achieve some, if not all, of the hoped-for outcomes of both sides. Provide a call to action or a warning about the consequences of inaction.

See the next page for a skeleton outline you can copy and paste to create your outline.


    1. SIDE A
        1. OVERVIEW
        1. VALIDATION
    1. SIDE B
        1. OVERVIEW


Use the instruction above and answer the following question below 3 pages excluding the work cited need it in 24 hours in MLA format.


Before you begin: Complete your reading/research for the Rogerian Argument so that you are informed about your issue and understand the main claim and sub-claims of each perspective.


    1. Study the PowerPoint presentations, “Rogerian Argument Outline,” Rogerian Argument Thesis Statement,” and “Rogerian Argument Common Ground,” paying careful attention to the examples provided.
    1. Study the document, “Annotated Rogerian Argument work Outline” to understand the structure of the Rogerian Argument and to learn what the focus of each paragraph should be.
    1. Follow the structure in the outline document and create an outline for your Rogerian argument work
        • As part of the information you include for your Introduction Paragraph, write a complete thesis statement. Type the thesis in bold font to make it easy for your instructor to locate it.
        • At a minimum, the body paragraph outlines should include complete topic sentences for each paragraph and two or three supporting statements with evidence from your research sources.
        • When you get to the Compromise/Solution section (body paragraph 6 on the outline), take time to consider a compromise that allows both sides to achieve part of their goal, that is measurable and feasible, and that does not ask one side to simply change their minds. Then, use complete sentences to fully explain your proposed compromise/solution. Your compromise must be supported by evidence from your research. Appealing to logos can be a helpful tactic here.
          Finish the outline with a few notes on what you will include in the conclusion paragraph.

Creating a robust outline by following these instructions carefully will make it easier to write your Rogerian Argument work next week, and it will also allow your instructor the opportunity to provide feedback on how you are planning your work, which often helps increase your final work grade.



What is the best cookie ever made? Does pineapple belong on a pizza?


Cookies are a great way to treat yourself. They can be made from whatever you have on hand and they’re easy to make. You don’t need any special ingredients or equipment, just some butter and an oven (and maybe some other things). That said, not all cookies are created equal! There are many different kinds of cookies out there with their own unique flavors and textures that can be pleasing either as dessert or snack. So what makes one kind better than another? In this article we’ll explore why certain types of cookies taste better than others while also explaining how to make them at home so they’re even better still!

Cookies are delicious.

Cookies are delicious. They’re sweet and fun to eat, and they can be made in many different ways. Cookies are also a great snack—you can eat them by themselves or with milk or other beverages, depending on your preference.

If you love cookies as much as I do, then you’ll want to try baking your own at home! There are so many different kinds of cookies out there (and each one tastes different) that it’s hard not to find something new each time we go into our local grocery store.”

There are many kinds of cookies.

There are many kinds of cookies. Some are made with whole grains, others with fruits and vegetables, and some don’t contain any protein at all. Cookies have been around for centuries in different countries around the world. They were originally invented by the Romans as a means of storing food before it went bad or was eaten up by rats (yes, you read that right).

Cookies can be made out of almost anything! You can use nuts or seeds like walnuts or almonds instead of flour if you want something more healthy but still delicious; however most people prefer their cookies soft so they won’t break into pieces when they bite into them…

Some kinds of cookies aren’t for everyone.

Cookies are delicious. There are many kinds of cookies, and they each have their own unique characteristics. Some are made with sugar and butter, while others use almond flour or coconut oil as the base. Some cookies taste like cake batter (like chocolate chip), while others taste more like banana bread (like oatmeal raisin).

The only way to know what kind of cookie you’re looking for is by tasting them yourself! It’s up to you whether pineapple belongs on pizza or not—it’s your choice!

Only you can decide what your best cookie is.

You can’t decide what your favorite cookie is, but you can decide how to make one. You can only do this for yourself.

If you’re looking for some great cookies that are sure to please everyone in the house, try these:

Chocolate chip oatmeal cookie

Oatmeal raisin cookie

A friend of mine once told me that pineapple belongs on pizza (as an ingredient), but I don’t think it does at all—it makes it too sweet!

Here’s how to make the best cookie ever made.

Use the best ingredients you can find.

Bake it at the right temperature.

Let it cool before eating, unless you’re going to eat it immediately after baking (which is fine too).

The best cookie is the one you like best.

The best cookie is the one you like best. That’s why it’s important to know what kind of cookie you like and whether or not pineapple belongs on a pizza.

There are many kinds of cookies out there, but only some are good enough for me (and I’m sure you). For example: if someone makes me chocolate chip cookies, I will be happy as can be because they’re delicious! But if they add pineapple to that recipe instead? Well…I’ll just say no thanks!

It doesn’t matter how much time and effort goes into making a great recipe—if it doesn’t taste good then there really isn’t any point in making them at all! You need something that tastes amazing so people won’t stop eating your food after their first bite (or two).


We hope we’ve helped you decide what your best cookie is, and that you feel like the world of cookies just got a little bit less confusing. If there are any questions left unanswered, or if we missed anything in our list of best cookies ever made, please let us know in the comments below! We can’t wait for you to start baking as soon as possible 🙂

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