Finance – Week 4 Assignment
Write a 750 to 1000 word paper. In your paper include the following:
· Using the annual financial statements and other research, explain the stock structure of the organization you have been studying. What elements comprise their capital structure? What is the history on your company’s growth? Look up the beta for your stock. How does your stock compare to the market? Is it high, average, or low risk? Why? How do you feel about the risk level of your organization?
Include a title page and 3-5 references. Only one reference may be from the internet (not Wikipedia). The other references must be from the Grantham University online library. Please adhere to the Concise Guide to APA Style when writing and submitting assignments and papers.
Stock Structure and Risk
This post is all about stock structure and risk. We’ll look at how stocks are structured, what types of risk they carry, and how you can use this information to make better investment decisions.
The stock structure of a company is the way it’s organized. It can affect risk and reward, earnings per share (EPS), dividend yield, book value per share (BVPS) and market capitalization.
For example: if you own one stock that pays out no dividends but has a higher market cap than another that pays out dividends but also has lower BVPS (book value per share), you will likely be more interested in holding on to your preferred option over time because of their superior performance characteristics compared to other stocks with similar characteristics but lower returns on investment (ROI).
Risk and reward
Risk and reward are inextricably linked. The greater the risk, the greater the potential reward. The less risky your investment is, however, you’ll also likely get a smaller return on that investment.
The higher your volatility (or how much movement there is in prices), the more volatile an asset’s price will be and therefore its risk level as well.
Dividend yield measures risk
Dividend yield measures risk. It’s a measure of the chance of losing money. Every time you buy a stock and make an investment, there is a certain amount of risk associated with it. The higher your dividend yield, the less risky your investment is because it means that company has been paying out more than they’ve been earning over time (making them more profitable).
What does this mean? If you have 100 shares in Company A with an annual dividend yield of 2%, then you will receive $20 per year from this company—meaning that if all goes well for Company A and they continue paying dividends every year without fail, then each share would be worth $20 at any given point in time or future date when shares could be sold again – meaning no loss! However…
If instead we were talking about Company B which pays no dividends at all but instead returns 100%+ capital gains each year due to being traded on an exchange where there are high volume buyers who want those types of stocks (and not necessarily someone like myself who wants just one little thing like health insurance coverage etcetera)…then our original hypothetical situation above would look something different:
Earnings per share measure risk
Earnings per share is a measure of how well a company is doing. It’s calculated by dividing net income by the number of shares outstanding, which gives you an idea of how much profit each shareholder has received from their investment. To understand earnings per share, you need to know what it means for a company’s profits or losses:
Revenue is sales minus cost of goods sold and administrative expenses (which are not included in revenue).
Expenses include interest payments on debt and taxes payable; these costs reduce revenue but do not affect cash flow directly. Costs also include depreciation for equipment used in production—this reduces revenue but does not affect cash flow directly because it occurs over time rather than immediately at the end of each period (like payroll).
Book value per share measures risk
Book value per share measures risk. It’s the amount of money it would take to liquidate a company, and it’s calculated by dividing the book value of a business by its total number of outstanding shares. In other words: if you own 1,000 shares in Company A and they were worth $10 each on paper (in other words, if they had no market value), then their total value would be $10 million dollars ($10 divided by 1,000). But if those same shares were selling for only $1 each on the market—or even less than that—then there wouldn’t be much left over after paying off all shareholders when things go bad for your investment strategy!
Book Value Per Share is therefore a measure of risk because it represents how much money would have been raised from selling off assets before you made any profits from them at all; i
Market capitalization measures risk
Market capitalization is the total value of a company’s outstanding shares. It is calculated by multiplying the current share price by the total number of shares outstanding. The higher this number, the bigger it is and therefore has more risk for investors. This can be useful if you want to know how much money you’re investing in a particular company, but it isn’t always helpful if you’re trying to determine whether that company will succeed or fail in its mission — because market capitalization doesn’t tell us anything about how profitable they are likely to be over time (or even if they’ll stay afloat).
Share price measures risk
The share price is a measure of risk. A high share price means that investors are willing to pay more for the company’s shares than its competitors’ prices, so it’s less risky for investors to own shares in an undervalued company. If a company has a low share price, on the other hand, then there’s less demand from investors who want to buy its stock at a lower price than what they’d have to pay if they bought into another closely related entity (like Apple).
When determining whether or not you should invest in any given company or sector—particularly when you’re trying to pick out which ones will outperform others over time—it can be helpful to look at historical data about their financial performance and market capitalization (the total value of all outstanding shares). For example: if one particular stock was valued at $100 million 10 years ago but now trades around $1 billion while being equally as profitable as ever before…that might indicate that your investment thesis may not be completely accurate!
Stocks can be risky investments, but it’s important to know the extent of the risk you’re taking when you buy a stock.
Stocks are risky investments. They can be volatile and unpredictable, with long periods of time in which a stock’s value is flat or even falling. However, the risk you take when buying a stock depends on the company and its industry, as well as your ability to evaluate their prospects for future growth. A smart investor will know how much risk he or she is willing to take before making an investment decision; otherwise it could cause big problems down the road!
The most common way to measure this kind of thing is known as “volatility.” It’s calculated by dividing any given period by its average price over that same period (called “mean reversion”). This gives us an idea about how often prices changed from one day to another during that specific period—and since all movements in equities happen within days at most times anyway (iStockphoto), we can assume that if there were no volatility because everything stayed around where it was yesterday then we’d see very little movement over time between them too–it would just keep repeating itself ad infinitum until infinity!
This means that you should be aware of the risks associated with your investments and make sure that you know what they are before you invest. If a stock is risky, it can lead to higher gains but also higher losses if the company doesn’t succeed.
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